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Ankle and Foot

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Physiotherapy for ankle and foot pain.

Ankle and foot injuries can occur from a single event or develop overtime.

Injuries to the ankle and/or foot can be acute and chronic. Ankle and foot injuries can occur from a single event, such as rolling the ankle; they can also develop over time due to overuse or a sudden increase in walking/ running/ training. Ankle injuries are often referred to as the most common injury in sports.

Healing time frames vary depending on the ankle/ foot injury severity, so an accurate diagnosis must be made to establish a comprehensive and individualised treatment plan.

Common injuries of the ankle and foot:

  • Lateral Ligament sprains (ATFL, CFL, PTFL)
  • Medial Ligament Sprain (Deltoid)
  • Achilles injury (Tendinopathy, tears, Rupture)
  • Fractures
  • Peroneal Tendinopathy
  • Tibialis Posterior Tendinopathy
  • Chronic ankle instability/ ligament laxity
  • Syndesmosis injury
  • Bursitis
  • Osteochondral lesions
  • Plantar Fasciopathy (Fasciitis)
  • Fat pad contusion
  • Lisfranc’s joint injury

Common causes and mechanisms of injury.

Everyday causes:
  • Rolling ankle
  • Fall from height
  • Slipping on slippery or unstable surfaces
  • Direct force
  • Sudden increase in activity (walking, exercise)
Sports related:
  • Change of direction, twisting, rolling, jumping
  • Landing on single leg
  • Direct force/playing falling across fixed ankle
  • Increase in training load

When should you consult our physiotherapists?

  • Pain, bruising and/or swelling around ankle foot
  • Inability to fully or partially weight bear on the injured foot
  • Loss of range of motion
  • Feeling of giving way or instability
  • Tenderness or increase in pain following increase in activity
  • Clicking or catching
  • Inability to perform not activities of daily living
  • Signs of infection, redness, warmth and/ or fever

Physiotherapy treatment for ankle and foot pain/injuries.

Depending on the injury, a series of orthopaedic and/or strength tests will be used to make a correct diagnosis.

These tests are designed to isolate the injured area or structures, and medical imaging (X-ray, MRI, Ultrasound) may also be required. Once a diagnosis is made, the Physiotherapist will create an individualised treatment plan based on the individual’s injury, goals and lifestyle.

The treatment plan is divided into sections to provide a comprehensive rehabilitation program.

Acute Phase

This phase consists of manual therapy treatment and various therapeutic modalities to protect the area from further injury and reduce pain and swelling to prepare the ankle/foot for the next treatment stage.

Regain Range of Motion Phase

The next phase is restoring your range of motion which is vital for regaining normal movements and assisting your normal walking pattern. Hands-on manual therapy will continue with additional home exercises, including stretching and range of motion exercises.  

Strengthening Phase

In this phase, you will regain strength, allowing normal everyday function. This will include isolated strength work, stability, control, balance, gait retraining and endurance exercises. This part of your treatment plan can be done in our treatment rooms, the facilities gym, and group classes and supported with a personalised home exercise program.

Functional/ Sport Specific

The final phase will return the patient to their original level of function, able to participate in sports and carry out daily activities.  Exercises will target the patient’s goals and ongoing maintenance of the injury site, reducing the chance of reinjuring the area. This can be done through the facilities gym, group classes, gait/ running analysis, sport-specific exercises and an ongoing home exercise program.

Physio Professionals are committed to your health and wellbeing.

We will give you the best possible treatment for the best possible outcome.