Knee Injuries

Physiotherapy for knee pain

The knee joint is one of the largest joints in the human body, therefore susceptible to traumatic and overuse injuries resulting in knee pain.

It is vital to conduct a thorough assessment of the knee joint in order to make an accurate diagnosis from reported symptoms to then tailor an individualised treatment plan.

 

Statistic: More than 1 million sports related injuries occur in Australia each year; 12% of these involve the knee.

Common injuries of the knee

  • ACL & PCL tears
  • MCL & LCL tears
  • Meniscal injury
  • Patella dislocation
  • Patella tendinopathy
  • Bursitis
  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome
  • Fractures
  • Tendon tears

Common causes and mechanisms of injury

  • Sports related
  • Cutting, pivoting or single leg landing
  • Twisting the knee when the foot is planted or landing on one foot
  • Trauma to the knee from direct force
  • Everyday causes
  • Slipping on wet surfaces
  • Direct force to the knee
  • Falling onto the knee

When should you consult our physiotherapists?

  • Pain and swelling around knee
  • Loss of full range of motion
  • Difficulty straightening and locking of the knee
  • Tenderness along the joint line
  • Discomfort while walking
  • Problems weight bearing
  • Clicking or popping sounds
  • Giving way of the knee or feeling of instability
  • Signs of infection, including fever, redness and/or warmth
  • Injury causing deformity to the joint
  • Difficulty using leg for daily living activities

 

Physiotherapy treatment for knee pain/injuries

In order to provide gold standard treatment to a patient’s knee injury, an accurate diagnosis of the injury or condition needs to be made. This can be done using medical imaging techniques (X-Ray, Ultrasound, MRI) or by specific tests designed to identify the isolated cause of pain.

 

After an accurate diagnosis is made, an individualised treatment pathway is provided to suit patient needs and goals, implementing a series of phases and milestones through rehabilitation.

 

Acute Phase

The acute phase consists of soft treatment modalities and extensive manual therapy in order to subdue pain and minimise swelling in order to prepare the knee joint for the next phase of rehabilitation.

 

Regain Range of Motion

Regaining ROM is vital as it is the key component to fluidity of movement. Our physiotherapists provide manual therapy techniques in conjunction with a structured home exercise program in order to normalize knee joint movement.

 

Strengthening phase  

In order to begin returning back to normal daily function, consult sessions in our gym are run to begin strengthening the surrounding musculature, teaching and adjusting key exercises in combination with the patients’ home exercise program in order once again provide strength and stability in the knee.

 

Goal specific training   

As returning to sport or previous level of function is the main goal, patients will have access to sport / activity specific analysis ranging from a gait / running analysis to neuromuscular control assessments. With a patient specific rehabilitation program, our physios will make sure all the boxes are ticked at numerous milestones to get you back onto the sporting field or out and about.

 

 

Osteoarthritis Hip and Knee Exercise Classes

  • Based on the research from Denmark GLAD – good life with arthritis
    • Education and exercise program developed by researchers in Denmark for people with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms.
    • Current national and international clinical guidelines recommend patient education, exercise and weight loss as first line treatment for osteoarthritis.
  • Research from the GLA:D® found that patient reported:
    • Symptoms reduced by 32% after partaking in the program
    • Less pain
    • Reduced use of pain killers
    • Less sick leave or absenteeism
    • GLA:D® participants also reported high levels of satisfaction with the program and increased their levels of physical activity 12 months after starting the program.
    • What is required:
      • Initial in rooms assessment for complete medical history, full assessment, and measurement of current functional ability to tailor the exercises to your current level
      • Small group classes are run twice per week with the focus on improving function, strength, and quality of life with others who have arthritis

Pre and Post Surgery Physiotherapy

  • Research shows patient who start pre rehab physiotherapy before their surgery have a greater success post surgery with improved recovery, increased functional ability and overall benefit for a successful outcome.
  • Physio Professionals are highly skill in the rehabilitation of patients post knee surgery to successfully return patients to their goals from high level sporting person to a person goal for overall improved quality of life and return to hobbies.

 

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